There are over 120 species of Pinus, commonly called Pine. They are all evergreen conifers, distributed throughout the northern hemisphere temperate regions. They are resinous trees growing between 10 feet and 260 feet. Pinus can grow to be over 1000 years old. The oldest known was 4,900 years old when cut down.
Most pines want well drained soil and can tolerate some level of drought once established.
People confuse pines and firs. Pine needles grow in clusters on the branches. Fir needles are softer and are attached singularly to the branch. Pine cones hang down whereas fir tree cones tend to grow upward from the branches.
Name Derivation: derives from Latin pinus, which means resin.
Common Name: Pine
Pinus is in the family Pinaceae.