The Poppy genus contains about 100 species of annuals, biennials, and perennials native to temperate and cold regions of Eurasia, Africa and North America. The flowers have two sepals that fall off as the bud opens, and four (or up to six) petals in a variety of colors. After pollination the seed heads form a swollen pod. The latex in the opium poppy (Papaver somniferum) contains several narcotic alkaloids, including morphine and codeine.
Name Derivation: Referring to the Poppy family
Common Name: Poppy
Papaver is in the family Papaveraceae.