A genus of thorny plants, native to eastern South America. There are between 4 and 18 accepted species. They are vines, bushes or small trees.They also possess stems with internodes and with straight or slightly curved thorns. The leaves are petiolate, elliptical, or wider towards the base. The bracts and flowers can bloom throughout the year.
They were first discovered in Brazil in 1778 and introduced to Europe by French military commander Louis Antoine de Bougainville
Name Derivation: Named for Louis Antoine de Bougainville, the first Frenchman to cross the Pacific Ocean
Bougainvillea is in the family Nyctaginaceae.