There are about 50 species of Abies, all evergreen conifers, commonly called Fir. They are found throughout much of the mountain areas of the Northern Hemisphere. They are large trees, some of which can rise to almost 300′.
Firs can be distinguished from other conifers by the way in which their needle-like leaves are attached singly to the branches with a base resembling a suction cup, and by their cones, which, like those of true cedars, stand upright on the branches like candles and disintegrate at maturity.
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Name Derivation: Latin name for Silver Fir or from the Latin "to rise" referring to their height.
Common Name: Fir
Abies is in the family Pinaceae.